The last solar eclipse of the year can be seen this Tuesday

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When the moon passes between the sun and Earth for the second time this year, it blocks most of the sun’s light and casts its shadow on our planet, creating a bright, hot crescent in the sky.

The eclipse will take place on Tuesday and will be visible from Greenland, Iceland, most of Europe, northeastern Africa, and parts of western and central Asia. Starting at 5AM ET, or for most of the Eastern Hemisphere, it will last nearly four hours.

Since the sun, moon and Earth won’t line up perfectly, it will be a partial eclipse – so the sun’s rays are crescent-shaped and appear to peek out from below the moon. According to EarthSky, during a maximum solar eclipse, the sun will be at its highest, with about 86 percent of the sun being covered.

During a solar eclipse, the Moon is four days closer to its perigee, the closest point to Earth in its 27-day orbit, so it appears slightly larger than usual.

According to Michael Kirk, principal investigator of NASA’s Heliophysics Education Activation Group, those able to view a solar eclipse near the maximum will be able to see a crescent of the sun pointing upwards, like a bite. .

“When you go out and see an eclipse, whether it’s a partial or total eclipse, it’s really special, and you end up feeling like you’re part of the whole celestial dance between Earth and the sun and moon,” Kirk said. “It gives you a sense of place…that’s where you are in the solar system, it’s so vast.”

It is not safe to see the sun’s rays without protective glasses, even if the sun is mostly obscured by the moon. According to the American Astronomical Society, it’s important to wear goggles that meet international standards to be considered appropriate “eclipse glasses.”

Viewing the sun through unfiltered cameras, telescopes, binoculars, or other optical devices is also not recommended, even with appropriate glasses.

A solar eclipse always occurs about two weeks before or after a lunar eclipse, when the full moon will pass into Earth’s shadow, giving the moon a reddish tinge. This is due to the positions of the Sun, Moon, and Earth, which are almost in a plane, but their orbits will wobble. A solar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Moon, and Earth are aligned, and the Moon is in a new moon phase; within two weeks, the Sun, Earth, and Full Moon will change positions with Earth and Moon in their orbits, according to Kirk and cause a lunar eclipse.

According to The Old Farmer’s Almanac, the upcoming partial solar eclipse will be followed by a total lunar eclipse two weeks later on November 8. Unlike solar eclipses, which are only visible over a relatively small area of ​​the world, lunar eclipses can be seen from anywhere on Earth’s night.

Unlike a solar eclipse, no safety gear is required to watch a lunar eclipse.

According to NASA, the next chance to see a solar eclipse will not be until April 20, 2023, when Australia, Antarctica and Southeast Asia will all see the annular eclipse and will form a complete ring of fire around the moon.

“This partial eclipse is really a preview of next year,” Kirk said. “We’re looking for this to really get us ready and recharged and spread the word about the annular eclipse.”

While this partial and total lunar eclipse will be the last to be seen for the rest of 2022, there are other space events in the sky to watch this year. With two full moons on November 8 (Beaver Moon) and December 7 (Cold Moon), there are five more meteor showers on the calendar, according to EarthSky’s 2022 meteor shower guide:

• November 5: Southern Taurus

• November 12: Northern Taurus

• November 18: Leonid meteor shower

• December 14: Geminid meteor shower

• December 22: Bears

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